Teeth are shifted by applying moderate, regulated pressures to them while the orthodontist guides them to their optimal locations over time using “appliances” such as braces or clear aligners. The breakdown and regeneration of bone tissue cause tooth mobility. Most patients will wear retainers towards the conclusion of “active” treatment (when teeth are relocated) to let the new bone solidify and maintain the new locations of the teeth.
Braces are the most often used orthodontic treatment device. They are made up of two parts: brackets and wires. Wires move the teeth, while brackets act as fixed grips to keep the wires in place. Other components might be added as needed for an individual’s therapy. Modern braces include stainless steel and tooth-coloured ceramic. Brackets are attached directly to the teeth. Wires are threaded via bracket slots. The majority of braces are placed on the front of the teeth. Braces can sometimes be placed on the backs of teeth; these are known as “lingual” braces.
Clear aligners are commonly referred to as “invisible braces.” They’re constructed of a clear plastic-like substance. They are custom-made to suit the patient’s teeth at various phases of therapy. Before moving on to the next set of aligners, each set is worn for 1-3 weeks, at least 22 hours each day. Each set is designed to shift the teeth progressively in accordance with the orthodontist’s treatment plan until the appropriate alignment is achieved. Tooth-coloured attachments on the teeth will aid in the appropriate movement of aligners. Clear aligners can be used to address some types of orthodontic issues, but not all.
Who Is Suitable For Orthodontic Treatment?
There are several advantages to orthodontic treatment – both cosmetic and for your oral health! An orthodontist will assess your bite alignment and the condition of your teeth. X-rays and pictures are often obtained to assist the doctor in developing a treatment plan tailored to your specific needs.
Individuals who suffer the following conditions may be candidates for orthodontic treatment:
- an overbite: occurs when the upper teeth are set too far ahead of the lower teeth; there may also be an overjet where the front teeth protrude out (buck teeth)
- an underbite: occurs when the lower teeth are set ahead of the upper teeth
- an open bite: occurs when the back teeth meet but the front teeth do not come together and overlap as they should
- a crossbite: occurs when the back teeth meet but the front teeth do not come together and overlap as they should where the teeth are inclined in towards the tongue rather than sitting straight up and down, or where the upper front teeth are squarely on top of the lowers rather than slightly above.
- Spacing: There should be no gaps between the teeth, and they should contact without crowding
- Crowding: if the dental ridge is too narrow to accommodate all of your teeth
- Misplaced midline: if the top and lower two front teeth are not in line with one another
Once it has been confirmed that orthodontic treatment is the best option for you, your orthodontist will assist you in determining the optimal course of treatment. Contact the team at Thorndon orthodontics today!